George Westmore, born 1879 in England, was considered to be the first make-up artist. A former Hairdresser and wig maker, Westmore and his family emigrated fom England to the US in the early 20th century. With movies taking their hold on American culture, George gradually moved from Hairdressing into Make-up and established the first ever movie make-up department. He taught his English-born sons Monte, Perc, Ern and Wally the techniques of the make-up profession and later, his two youngest sons, Bud and Frank, US born, also became make-up artists.
After the death of his first wife, Westmore remarried, but the marriage ran into trouble and he committed suicide by swallowing Mercury in 1931. After his death, his sons carried on his dynasty; Monte was much associated with MGM; Perc became head of Make-up at Warner Bros.; Wally became Make-up chief at Paramount; Ern worked at 20th Century Fox and low-budget film studio Eagle-Lion; Bud became head at Universal, and the youngest, Frank, was more freelance and later wrote a book on the family, "The Westmore's of Hollywood" in 1976.
In 1930, the Westmore brothers created the seven face shapes:
- OVAL - most perfectly balanced; forehead slightly wider than chin, cheeks and jaw line curve from top to bottom, high forehead, bony, gently taper off.
- OBLONG - face is long and narrow; long thin side-planes of cheeks; angular jaw, lack of full chin.
- ROUND - circle; not too much longer than broad, rounded hairline, width at cheeks, round and short; strong character and individual.
- SQUARE - a circle with corners, straight hairline; generous jawbones, square bottom chin, narrower at cheek, narrowest at forehead, low close hairline.
- TRIANGLE (pear shaped) - greatest width at lower section of face, taper upward, slightly small chin.
- INVERTED TRIANGLE (heart shaped) - you taper downwards; greatest width at forehead; jaw line narrow.
- DIAMOND - small piquant ones to large ones width at cheekbones, forehead and chin narrow off; hairline and jaw same; extra-wide cheekbones.
So, have you determined your face shape? Were you surprised?