fresh faces News

Skin Types

on Thursday, 18 April 2013. Posted in Makeup Tips, Makeup Trends, fresh faces News

Do you know what skin type you have?

Have you ever looked into the mirror and wondered what skin type you have?  Is your skin dry, oily, normal, etc?  There are four major skin types - which one are you?

  1. Oily
  2. Combination
  3. Normal
  4. Dry


Oily skin produces an excessive amount of oil all over the face every day, all day long.  The skin looks shiny due to the presence of any oily film.  It also looks coarse and rough in texture.  Blackheads and blemishes may be present.  Pores are generally enlarged.



This skin type is like having two different skin types on the same face.  Combination skin generally experiences an oily skin type in the T-zone and a dry skin type on the cheeks.  Both areas of oiliness and dryness are present every day, all year long.  The skin looks shiny in the T-zone due to the presence of an oily film.  It also looks dry and matte on the cheeks.  Blackheads and blemishes may be present, especially in the T-zone area.  Pores on the nose, forehead and chin generally look enlarged.



Normal skin is not too oily or too dry.  Blemishes are uncommon, as skin looks soft and supple.  Pores are generally small and not noticeable.  Skin looks healthy and smooth.



When skin loses its ability to produce oil and retain moisture, it feels dry.  Though it may look smooth with small pores, it may have a tight, leathery appearance.


Wedding Superstitions

Written by Cindy Hoke on Monday, 02 April 2012. Posted in Weddings, fresh faces News

Unique and interesting wedding superstitions

Read how some wedding superstitions have turned out to be today's wedding traditions.

THE BRIDAL VEIL:  The veil has served many purposes throughout history.  Protecting the bride from the "evil eye;" protecting her from jealous spinsters who were thought to be witches; and protecting the groom, his family, and other wedding guests from the bride's psychic powers - just in case she had any.

THE WEDDING KISS:  A throwback to the days when the couple was required to consummate their marriage in the presence of several witnesses, to insure the consummation actually took place.

BRIDE'S GARTER & FLOWER BOUQUET:  Originally, the groomsmen fought with each other to see who would get the bride's garter, which was suppose to bring good luck to the person who possessed it.  But, the Church frowned on the practice, and it was eventually replaced by the bride throwing her flower bouquet to her bridesmaids.  Today both customs exist.

THE WEDDING RINGS:  Ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks all exchanged rings during their wedding ceremonies.  Because a circle is a round, unending shape, it came to symbolize the ideal love that was supposed to come from marriage -- it flowed from one person to the other and back again, forever.  The ring has always been worn on the left hand - and was originally worn on the thumb.  It was later moved to the index finger and then to the middle finger, and eventually ended up on the third finger.  The third finger was believed to lead straight to the heart.

THE HONEYMOON:  This European tradition dates back hundreds of years and gets its name from that fact that newlyweds were expected to drink honey, which was believed to be an aphrodisiac, during the period of one full cycle of the moon.

THROWING RICE OR CONFETTI:  Originally a fertility ritual.  Wedding guests would threw wheat at the bride only, in the hope that she would bear children the same way that wheat produced bread.

THE WEDDING CAKE:  Guests originally provided "bride-cakes" to a just-married woman to encourage fertility.

JUNE WEDDINGS:  It was customary for Romans to marry in June to honor the queen of the gods, Juno, who was also the goddess of women.  They hoped to win her favor to make the marriage last, and make childbirth easier.

CARRYING THE BRIDE OVER THE THRESHOLD:  Romans thought good and evil spirits hung around the entrance of a home.  They also believed if you walked into your house left foot first, the evil spirits won.  So to be sure the bride, whom Romans figured was apt to be careless, did not accidentally step into her new home with the wrong foot, the groom just picked her up and carried her.

THE RECEPTION SPEECH:  In pre-Christian Rome, the newlyweds hired an "official joker" to tell dirty stories to guests during the reception.  The Romans believed that "unclean" thoughts in the minds of guests turned the attention of vengeful gods away from the newlyweds, which helped protect them from evil.

DECORATING THE WEDDING VEHICLE:  In medieval France, when a couple was unpopular, people ridiculed them publicly by banging on pots, kettles, etc.  This was a noisy mock to the newlyweds.  This gave way to a new custom - trying to keep a couple from consummating their marriage by making a noise at their window.  When newlyweds began to leave weddings by car, the only way to harass them was to deface the vehicle.


Make-up tips on how to make your face appear narrow

Written by Cindy Hoke on Monday, 05 March 2012. Posted in Makeup Tips, fresh faces News

How to create the illusion of a narrow face

Have you ever wondered how to make your face appear thinner?  Here are some amazing make-up tips to achieve this look.

HIGHLIGHTING AND CONTOURING:  The objective here is to enhance your bone structure to make the face appear thinner.  

  • Apply a darker foundation than your skin tone down the sides of your face, near the hairline OR apply a lighter foundation than you skin tone down the center of your face and across the top of your cheekbone.
  • Apply a darker contour than your skin tone below the cheek bone using an upward sweep.
  • Use a contour in the crease of the eye to help highlight the lid.  If your eyes are too far apart and you wish to bring them closer together, then use the darkest concentration toward the inside corner of the eye. 

THE NOSE: To make the nose appear longer and thinner.

  • Darken the sides of your nose from the inside corner of the eyebrows to the bottom of the nostrils. 
  • If you have dark circles under your eyes, instead of darkening the side of your nose, apply a streak of lighter foundation or highlighter down the center of your nose -- start between the eyebrows and end at the tip of your nose.

EYELINER:  To make the eyes appear closer together:

  • Line your eyes starting at the inside corner of the bottom lid and extend the liner lightly beyond the corner in an upward direction.
  • Make your liner thicker at the center of your top and bottom lid.  You may also smudge from the inside corner to the center, and from the outside corner to the center to achieve this.

MASCARA To make your lashes appear thicker.

  • Apply mascara on the bottom lashes in an outward direction on the outside edge and straight down the center.  Apply a few extra coats to the center of the bottom lashes.
  • Apply mascara on in an upward direction on the top lashes and apply an extra coat to the top center.

EYESHADOW:  To help make the eyes appear closer together and assist in creating a larger lid space.

  • Place the lightest shade of eyeshadow in the center of your eyelid and/or the space just below the arch of your eyebrow.
  • Use a medium to dark eyeshadow on the inside corner of your eye.
  • Use a medium eyeshadow, angled upward on the outside corner of the eye.  This will create a more vertical look.
  • If your eye lids are smooth, you can use frosted shadows for the center of your eye to create a more dramatic affect.  If your eye lids are wrinkled, be sure to use only matte shadows.

BLUSH: To make your face appear thinner.

  • Apply cheek color on a vertical angle beginning at the center of your cheek and sweep upwards to the outside corner of your eye.  Your blush should not extend past this point, nor should it fall below the tip of your nose.
  • Use the concentrated color on the center of the your cheek and graduate to nothing.

Have fun with these make-up tips for creating a narrow looking face, and let me know how they worked for you.  Be sure to look for my next make-up tips on to make your face appear wider. 

The Seven Face Shapes

Written by Cindy Hoke on Tuesday, 28 February 2012. Posted in Makeup Trends, fresh faces News

Do you know your face shape?

George Westmore, born 1879 in England, was considered to be the first make-up artist.  A former Hairdresser and wig maker, Westmore and his family emigrated fom England to the US in the early 20th century.  With movies taking their hold on American culture, George gradually moved from Hairdressing into Make-up and established the first ever movie make-up department.  He taught his English-born sons Monte, Perc, Ern and Wally the techniques of the make-up profession and later, his two youngest sons, Bud and Frank, US born, also became make-up artists. 

After the death of his first wife, Westmore remarried, but the marriage ran into trouble and he committed suicide by swallowing Mercury in 1931.  After his death, his sons carried on his dynasty; Monte was much associated with MGM; Perc became head of Make-up at Warner Bros.; Wally became Make-up chief at Paramount; Ern worked at 20th Century Fox and low-budget film studio Eagle-Lion; Bud became head at Universal, and the youngest, Frank, was more freelance and later wrote a book on the family, "The Westmore's of Hollywood" in 1976.

In 1930, the Westmore brothers created the seven face shapes:

  • OVAL - most perfectly balanced; forehead slightly wider than chin, cheeks and jaw line curve from top to bottom, high forehead, bony, gently taper off.
  • OBLONG - face is long and narrow; long thin side-planes of cheeks; angular jaw, lack of full chin.
  • ROUND - circle; not too much longer than broad, rounded hairline, width at cheeks, round and short; strong character and individual.
  • SQUARE - a circle with corners, straight hairline; generous jawbones, square bottom chin, narrower at cheek, narrowest at forehead, low close hairline.
  • TRIANGLE (pear shaped) - greatest width at lower section of face, taper upward, slightly small chin.
  • INVERTED TRIANGLE (heart shaped) - you taper downwards; greatest width at forehead; jaw line narrow.
  • DIAMOND - small piquant ones to large ones width at cheekbones, forehead and chin narrow off; hairline and jaw same; extra-wide cheekbones.

So, have you determined your face shape?  Were you surprised?

How Diet Affects Your Complexion

Written by Cindy Hoke on Thursday, 23 February 2012. Posted in Makeup Trends, fresh faces News

10 Foods for Better Skin

Searching for better looking skin?  Look no further than your local grocery store. According to the American Council on Exercise (ACE), eating the following 10 foods will enhance your complexion. 

  • AVOCADOS - This creamy, green fruit is abundant in essential oils and B-complex vitamins that nourish your skin, inside and out.  Niacin (vitamin B3) is especially important for heathly skin, and avocados contain lots of it.  Niacin, an anti-inflammatory, soothes irritated skin and red, blotchy skin.  One avocado has 3.8 mg niacin - 27% of your daily need.
  • MANGOES - Mangoes have more than 80% of your daily requirements for vitamin A.  Vitamin A maintains and repairs skin cells; a deficiency will result in a dry, flaky complexion.  As an antioxidant, vitamin A also fights free radical damage that can prematurely age the skin.
  • ALMONDS - Almonds are great for your complexion - with 150% of your daily need for vitamin E.  Vitamin E's rich oils moisturize dry skin, and its antioxidants protect against skin damage and premature aging.
  • COTTAGE CHEESE - Dairy is good for your bones and face.  Containing selenium, an essential mineral, teams up with vitamin E as a powerful free radical-fighting antioxidant duo.  Plus, it wil protect against skin cancer and fight dandruff.
  • ACEROLA CHERRIES - Your average cherry does not supply a lot of vitamin C, but that's not true for Acerolas.  One of these cherries supplies 100% of your daily allowance for vitamin C, which is great news for your skin.  As an antioxidant, vitamin C fights skin damage and wrinkles.  It also plays a central role in the production of collagen, the structural protein in your skin.
  • OYSTERS - Fight pimples because they are rich in zinc.  The mineral affects sebum production, a deficiency may contribute to acne.  Zinc also helps boost elastin production with the help of vitamin C.
  • BAKED POTATOES - Eating one baked potato (with the skin) provides you 75% of your daily copper need.  This essential mineral works with vitamin C and zinc to produce the elastin fibers that support skin structure.
  • MUSHROOMS - Rich in riboflavin, a B vitamin that is vital to your skin.  Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is involved in tissue maintenance and repair, and improves skin blemishes caused by rosacea. 
  • FLAXSEED OIL - Omega 3s are great for your skin, but did you know that flaxseed oil is one of the best sources of this essential fatty acid?  Just one teaspoon of flaxseed oil per day provides 2.5 grams of omega 3s, which, in turn, hydrates the skin.  Essential fatty acids also dilute sebum and unclog pores that otherwise leads to acne.
  • WHEAT GERM - Wheat germ is a good source of biotin, a B vitamin that's crucial to skin health.  A mild biotin deficiency can cause dermatitis, a condition characterized by itchy, scaly skin.  Sprinkle wheat germ on yogurt for a tasty way to get more biotin in your diet.

Try these 10 foods today to receive a better complexion!